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Abdul Muiz Nor Azmi1,2, Jeffrey Low Fook Lee3, Ali Md Nadzalan1, Muhammad Zulqarnain Mohd Nasir1,4, Mohd Aizzat Adnan1,4

1Faculty of Sports Science and Coaching, Sultan Idris Education University, Malaysia
2Faculty of Psychology and Education, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Malaysia
3Faculty of Applied Sciences, Tunku Abdul Rahman University of Management and Technology, Setapak, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
4Faculty of Sports Science and Recreation, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Negeri Sembilan Branch, Seremban Campus, Malaysia

Effect of Scaling Racquet Using a Body-Scaling Approach on Badminton Match Performance

Sport Mont 2024, 22(1), 93-98 | DOI: 10.26773/smj.240213


This research aimed to determine the ideal racquet size by modifying racquets based on a body-scaling approach employing arm-to-racquet length ratios. Twelve boys aged between 13 to 14 years (13.17±0.83) with one to two years of badminton experience volunteered to participate in the study. To calculate arm-to-racquet length ratios, participants’ arm lengths for both hands were recorded. Participants were divided into six pairs and played a badminton match using three types of racquets which were racquets A (1.1:1.0), B (1.0:1.0), and C (0.9:1.0). Participants’ hitting opportunities, successful strokes, winning strokes, rally length, and unforced errors were notated manually via video replay. Based on the one-way ANOVA with repeated measures, the results showed that the use of racquet B which had a pi ratio of 1.0:1.0 for arm length-to-racquet length ratios during badminton matches, recorded the highest mean scores in hitting opportunities, successful strokes, and winning strokes than racquets A (1.1:1.0) and C (0.9:1.0), p<.05. The results also demonstrated that the use of racquet B reduces the unforced errors during matches compared to racquets A and C, p<.05. It is suggested that giving children equipment that suits their physical characteristics (e.g., racquet length with arm length) might improve their performance and allow them to play badminton more efficiently.


affordances, badminton, body-scaling, constraints-led approach, scaling equipment

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