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Liridon Bekolli1, Labinot Ramadani1, Qëndresa Ramabaja2, Naser Rashiti1, Dusko Bjelica3, Seryoza Gontarev4

1University “Hasan Pristina” of Prishtina, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Prishtina, Republic of Kosovo
2State University of Tetova, Faculty of Physical Education, Tetovo, Republic of North Macedonia
3University of Montenegro, Faculty of Sports and Physical Education, Niksic, Montenegro
4Ss. Cyril and Methodius University, Faculty of Physical Education, Sports and Health, Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia

Using the Relative Handgrip Strength in Identification of the Under-Aged of Female Gender Candidates Exposed at Risk in Developing of Sarcopenic Obesity

Sport Mont 2024, 22(2), 77-83 | DOI: 10.26773/smj.240711


Detecting children and minors who are at risk of developing childhood sarcopenic obesity frequently necessitates the use of specialized equipment and costly testing procedures. Finding more affordable and efficient techniques would be extremely advantageous, particularly if they are applicable in various field environments. The aim of this research was to investigate if a comprehensive evaluation of hand grip strength relative to BMI could distinguish young female candidates who may be at risk of developing second-class sarcopenic obesity. The study involved 535 female participants chosen at random from 9 elementary schools in the Skopje region of the Republic N. Macedonia. Several anthropometric measures, body composition measures, and absolute and relative handgrip strength were utilized to achieve the research goals based on the definition of sarcopenic obesity. Bioelectrical impedance was used to determine the percentage of body fat and skeletal muscle mass, with the skeletal muscle mass to fat ratio being calculated. Considering the relative handgrip strength in predicting a sarcopenic obesity class II in female candidates the area under the curve was 0.816. Relative handgrip strength (RHGS kg/kg/m2) is a useful indicator for identifying sarcopenic obesity in young females and can be valuable for guiding health interventions.


bioelectrical impedance, muscle mass, ratio of skeletal muscle mass

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