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Besnik Morina1, Florian Miftari1, Georgi Georgiev2, Seryozha Gontarev2

1University of Pristina “Hasan Pristina”, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Prishtina, Republic of Kosovo
2Ss. Cyril and Methodius University, Faculty of Physical Education, Sport and Health, Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia

Total and Abdominal Adiposity are Lower in Overweight and Obese Children with High Cardiorespiratory Fitness

Sport Mont 2022, 20(1), 103-107 | DOI: 10.26773/smj.220218


The study goal was to determine the impact of cardiorespiratory fitness on the total and abdominal adiposity in a sample of children aged 6 to 10. It was hypothesised that high cardiorespiratory fitness would result in lower total and abdominal obesity. The research was conducted on a sample of 1432 respondents where 717 (50.1%) are boys, and 715 (49.9%) are girls aged 6 to 10. The average age of the respondents was 8.72±1.4 years. Three anthropometric measures (body height, body weight and waist circumference) were considered and the body composition was determined by BIA. Body mass index sex - and age-specific cut-off points were used for overweight and obesity definition and children were placed in two groups: overweight/obese and non overweight. Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) was assessed with the endurance shuttle-run test. Participants were grouped into high and low CRF based on age and sex distributions. The results were statistically analyzed by using t-tests and a χ2 test, analysis of covariance, Pearson correlation and hierarchical linear regression. On the basis of the obtained results, one can conclude that children who are overweight or obese and have a high level of cardiorespiratory fitness, have lower body mass index values, lower waist circumference, lower body fat percentage and a higher muscle mass percentage compared to children who are classified in the same BMI category, but have low values of cardiorespiratory fitness. The results of this study suggest that an appropriate level of cardiorespiratory fitness can reduce the threats of obesity among the pediatric population.


central adiposity, fatness, fitness, obesity, children

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